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Defining an Argument as a Reference in PHP
Can You Define an Argument as a Reference Type? in PHP? You can define an argument as a reference type in the function definition. This will automatically convert the calling arguments into references. Here is a PHP script on how to define an argument as a reference type: <?php function ref_swap(...
2016-12-24, 316👍, 0💬

Passing an Argument to a Function in PHP
How To Pass an Argument to a Function? in PHP? To pass an argument to a function, you need to: Add an argument definition in the function definition. Add a value as an argument when invoking the function. Here is a PHP script on how to use arguments in a function(): <?php function f2c($f) { retur...
2016-12-24, 314👍, 0💬

Returning a Value from a Function in PHP
How To Return a Value Back to the Function Caller? in PHP? You can return a value to the function caller by using the "return $value" statement. Execution control will be transferred to the caller immediately after the return statement. If there are other statements in the function after the return ...
2016-12-24, 277👍, 0💬

Passing Variables by References in PHP
How To Pass Variables By References? in PHP? You can pass a variable by reference to a function by taking the reference of the original variable, and passing that reference as the calling argument. Here is a PHP script on how to use pass variables by references: <?php function swap($a, $b) { $t =...
2016-12-24, 266👍, 0💬

Variables Are Passed by Values in PHP
How Variables Are Passed Through Arguments? in PHP? Like more of other programming languages, variables are passed through arguments by values, not by references. That means when a variable is passed as an argument, a copy of the value will be passed into the function. Modifying that copy inside the...
2016-12-24, 253👍, 0💬

Passing Arrays to Function in PHP
Can You Pass an Array into a Function? in PHP? You can pass an array into a function in the same as a normal variable. No special syntax needed. Here is a PHP script on how to pass an array to a function: <?php function average($array) { $sum = array_sum($array); $count = count($array); return $s...
2016-12-18, 296👍, 0💬

Defining an Array Argument as Reference in PHP
Can You Define an Array Argument as a Reference Type? in PHP? You can define an array argument as a reference type in the function definition. This will automatically convert the calling arguments into references. Here is a PHP script on how to define an array argument as a reference type: <?php ...
2016-12-18, 294👍, 0💬

Passing Arrays by Values to Functions in PHP
How Arrays Are Passed Through Arguments? in PHP? Like a normal variable, an array is passed through an argument by value, not by reference. That means when an array is passed as an argument, a copy of the array will be passed into the function. Modifying that copy inside the function will not impact...
2016-12-18, 272👍, 0💬

Returning an Array from a Function in PHP
How To Return an Array from a Function? in PHP? You can return an array variable like a normal variable using the return statement. No special syntax needed. Here is a PHP script on how to return an array from a function: <?php function powerBall() { $array = array(rand(1,55), rand(1,55), rand(1,...
2016-12-18, 267👍, 0💬

Passing Arrays by References to Functions in PHP
How To Pass Arrays By References? in PHP? Like normal variables, you can pass an array by reference into a function by taking a reference of the original array, and passing the reference to the function. Here is a PHP script on how to pass array as reference: <?php function shrink($array) { array...
2016-12-18, 247👍, 0💬

Returning a Reference from a Function in PHP
How To Return a Reference from a Function? in PHP? To return a reference from a function, you need to: Add the reference operator "&" when defining the function. Add the reference operator "&" when invoking the function. Here is a PHP script on how to return a reference from a function: <...
2016-12-08, 379👍, 0💬

Local Variables in a Function in PHP
What Is the Scope of a Variable Defined in a Function? in PHP? The scope of a local variable defined in a function is limited with that function. Once the function is ended, its local variables are also removed. So you can not access any local variable outside its defining function. Here is a PHP sc...
2016-12-08, 298👍, 0💬

Accessing Global Variables inside a Function in PHP
How To Access a Global Variable inside a Function? in PHP? By default, global variables are not accessible inside a function. However, you can make them accessible by declare them as "global" inside a function. Here is a PHP script on declaring "global" variables: <?php ?> $intRate = 5.5; func...
2016-12-08, 297👍, 0💬

Function Returns Data by Value in PHP
How Values Are Returned from Functions? in PHP? If a value is returned from a function, it is returned by value, not by reference. That means that a copy of the value is return. Here is a PHP script on how values are returned from a function: <?php $favor = "vbulletin"; function getFavor() { glob...
2016-12-08, 293👍, 0💬

Global Variables in Main Script in PHP
What Is the Scope of a Variable Defined outside a Function? in PHP? A variable defined outside any functions in main script body is called global variable. However, a global variable is not really accessible globally any in the script. The scope of global variable is limited to all statements outsid...
2016-12-08, 262👍, 0💬

Specifying Argument Default Values in PHP
How To Specify Argument Default Values? in PHP? If you want to allow the caller to skip an argument when calling a function, you can define the argument with a default value when defining the function. Adding a default value to an argument can be done like this "function name($arg=expression){}. Her...
2016-12-04, 391👍, 0💬

Reading and Writing Files in PHP
Where to find tutorials on how to Read and Write Files in PHP? A collection of tutorials to answer many frequently asked questions how to Read and Write Files in PHP. Topics included in this collection are: Reading a Text File to an Array in PHP Reading the Entire File to a String in PHP Opening a f...
2016-12-04, 380👍, 0💬

Reading the Entire File to a String in PHP
How To Read the Entire File into a Single String in PHP? If you have a file, and you want to read the entire file into a single string, you can use the file_get_contents() function. It opens the specified file, reads all characters in the file, and returns them in a single string. Here is a PHP scri...
2016-12-04, 274👍, 0💬

Reading a Text File to an Array in PHP
How To Read a Text File into an Array in PHP? If you have a text file with multiple lines, and you want to read those lines into an array, you can use the file() function. It opens the specified file, reads all the lines, puts each line as a value in an array, and returns the array to you. Here is a...
2016-12-04, 268👍, 0💬

Function with Undefined Number of Arguments in PHP
How To Define a Function with Any Number of Arguments? in PHP? If you want to define a function with any number of arguments, you need to: Declare the function with no argument. Call func_num_args() in the function to get the number of the arguments. Call func_get_args() in the function to get all t...
2016-12-04, 257👍, 0💬

Opening a File for Writing in PHP
How To Open a File for Writing in PHP? If you want to open a new file and write date to the file, you can use the fopen($fileName, "w") function. It creates the specified file, and returns a file handle. The second argument "w" tells PHP to open the file for writing. Once the file is open, you can u...
2016-12-02, 296👍, 0💬

Appending Data to the End of a File in PHP
How To Append New Data to the End of a File in PHP? If you have an existing file, and want to write more data to the end of the file, you can use the fopen($fileName, "a") function. It opens the specified file, moves the file pointer to the end of the file, and returns a file handle. The second argu...
2016-12-02, 298👍, 0💬

Opening a file for Reading in PHP
How To Open a File for Reading in PHP? If you want to open a file and read its contents piece by piece, you can use the fopen($fileName, "r") function. It opens the specified file, and returns a file handle. The second argument "r" tells PHP to open the file for reading. Once the file is open, you c...
2016-12-02, 262👍, 0💬

Reading One Line of Text from a File in PHP
How To Read One Line of Text from a File in PHP? If you have a text file with multiple lines, and you want to read those lines one line at a time, you can use the fgets() function. It reads the current line up to the "\n" character, moves the file pointer to the next line, and returns the text line ...
2016-12-02, 257👍, 0💬

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