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XHTML Tutorial - "valign" - Vertical Alignment in Table Cells

By: FYIcenter.com

(Continued from previous topic...)

How To Control Vertical Alignment?

By default, text in all table cells are aligned to the top vertically. If you want to control vertical alignment yourself, you need to use the "valign" attribute in a "tr" element or a "td" element:

  • <tr valign="top|middle|bottom"> - Set vertical alignment to the top, middel, or bottom for all cells in the row.
  • <td valign="top|middle|bottom"> - Set vertical alignment to the top, middle, bottom for this cell.
Below is a tutorial example of "valign" attributes:

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
  <title>Verical Alignment</title>
  <h4>Online Order</h4>
  <table border="1" width="250">
   <td align="right">Qty</td>
   <td align="right">Price</td>
  <tr valign="bottom">
   <td>Email account with 100MB storage,
    Webmail interface, POP3/IMAP access, and 
    anti-spam protection</td>
   <td align="right">10</td>
   <td align="right">$9.90</td>
  <tr valign="middle">
   <td>FYIcenter.com ad space 
    of 90x30 pixel banner</td>
   <td align="right">1</td>
   <td align="right">$99.00</td>
   <td>1 year access to the VIP members area with no 
    hidden fees, and 100% money back guarantee</td>
   <td align="right" valign="top">1</td>
   <td align="right" valign="top">$199.00</td>

If you save the above document as vertical_alignment.html, and view it with Internet Explorer, you will see that the first row is aligned to bottom and the third row is aligned to top as shown below:
            Vertical Alignment

(Continued on next topic...)

  1. What Is a "table" Tag/Element?
  2. What Is a "tr" Tag/Element?
  3. What Is a "td" Tag/Element?
  4. What Are the Attributes of a "table" Element?
  5. How To Create Table Borders?
  6. How To Turn On Some Parts of Table Outer Borders?
  7. How To Control White Spaces between Table Cells?
  8. How To Control Padding Spaces within a Table Cell?
  9. How To Control Table Widths?
  10. What Happens If One Row Has Missing Columns?
  11. How To Control Horizontal Alignment in Table Cells?
  12. How To Control Vertical Alignment?
  13. How To Add Column Headers to a Table?
  14. What Is a "caption" Tag/Element?
  15. How To Merge Cells in a Row?
  16. How To Merge Cells in a Column?
  17. How To Create Nested Tables?

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