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XHTML Tutorial - "cellspacing" - White Spaces between Table Cells

By: FYIcenter.com

(Continued from previous topic...)

How To Control White Spaces between Table Cells?

White spaces between cells refer to the vertical space between a upper cell and a lower cell in a table column, and the horizontal space between a left cell and a right cell in a table row. If inner borders are turned on, white spaces between cells appear outside cell inner borders. By default, browsers give white spaces of 1 pixel between cells.

If you want to control white spaces between cells, you need to use the "cellspacing" attribute, which takes an integer in pixels. Examples of "cellspacing" are:

  • <table cellspacing="1"> - Sets white spaces between cells to 1 pixel.
  • <table> - Sets white spaces between cells to 1 pixel.
  • <table cellspacing="0"> - Turns off white spaces between cells.
  • <table cellspacing="8"> - Sets white spaces between cells to 8 pixels.

Below is a tutorial example of using "cellspacing" to control white spaces between cells:

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
  <title>Cell Spacing</title>
  <table border="8" frame="hsides" cellspacing="0">
<tr><td>Email Account</td><td>10</td><td>$9.90</td></tr>
<tr><td>FYIcenter.com Ad</td><td>1</td><td>$99.00</td></tr>
<tr><td>1-year Access</td><td>1</td><td>$199.00</td></tr>
  <table border="8" frame="hsides" cellspacing="8">
<tr><td>Email Account</td><td>10</td><td>$9.90</td></tr>
<tr><td>FYIcenter.com Ad</td><td>1</td><td>$99.00</td></tr>
<tr><td>1-year Access</td><td>1</td><td>$199.00</td></tr>

If you save the above document as cellspacing.html, and view it with Internet Explorer, you will see that one table is displayed with no cell spacing and one table displayed with 8 pixels of cell spacing as shown below:
            Cell Spacing

(Continued on next topic...)

  1. What Is a "table" Tag/Element?
  2. What Is a "tr" Tag/Element?
  3. What Is a "td" Tag/Element?
  4. What Are the Attributes of a "table" Element?
  5. How To Create Table Borders?
  6. How To Turn On Some Parts of Table Outer Borders?
  7. How To Control White Spaces between Table Cells?
  8. How To Control Padding Spaces within a Table Cell?
  9. How To Control Table Widths?
  10. What Happens If One Row Has Missing Columns?
  11. How To Control Horizontal Alignment in Table Cells?
  12. How To Control Vertical Alignment?
  13. How To Add Column Headers to a Table?
  14. What Is a "caption" Tag/Element?
  15. How To Merge Cells in a Row?
  16. How To Merge Cells in a Column?
  17. How To Create Nested Tables?

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