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CSS Tutorials - In-line Elements Are Formatted Side by Side

By: FYICenter.com

(Continued from previous topic...)

How In-line Elements Are Formatted Side by Side?

If in-line elements are coded next to each other, they will be formatted side by side in a line box. Their individual widths and heights will be respected. Their relative vertical positions will be controlled by the vertical-align style property, which takes 8 different values: baseline, sub, super, top, text-top, middle, bottom, text-bottom.

The tutorial exercise below shows you some good examples on align in-line elements in different ways:

<style type="text/css">
  H1 {font-size: 20px}
  DIV.page {width: 450px; border: 1px solid black}
  TABLE#out {background-color: #ffdddd}
  TD#box {border: 1px solid black}
  P#box {width: 300px; height: 150px; 
    font-size: 14px; 
    background-color: #ffffff}
  SPAN.top {font-size: 12px;
    line-height: 30px;
    background-color: #ffdddd}
  SPAN.middle {font-size: 40px;
    line-height: 50px;
    background-color: #ddffdd}
  SPAN.bottom {font-size: 12px;
    line-height: 20px;
    background-color: #ddddff}
  #top {vertical-align: top}
  #middle {vertical-align: middle}
  #bottom {vertical-align: bottom} 
  #textTop {vertical-align: text-top}
  #textBottom {vertical-align: text-bottom} 
  #super {vertical-align: super}
  #sub {vertical-align: sub} 
  TD.legend#g50 {height: 50px; background-color: #dddddd}
  TD.legend#w50 {height: 50px; background-color: #ffffff}
</head><body><div class="page">
<H1>In-line Element Alignments</H1>
<table id=out><tr>
<td id=box><p id=box>
<span class=top id=top>Thank</span>
<span class=middle id=middle>you</span>
<span class=bottom id=bottom>for</span>
<span class=middle id=middle>visiting</span>
<span class=top id=top>FYIcenter.</span>
<span class=top id=textTop>Thank</span>
<span class=middle id=middle>you</span>
<span class=bottom id=textBottom>for</span>
<span class=middle id=middle>visiting</span>
<span class=top id=textTop>FYIcenter.</span>
<span class=top id=supper>Thank</span>
<span class=middle id=middle>you</span>
<span class=bottom id=sub>for</span>
<span class=middle id=middle>visiting</span>
<span class=top id=supper>FYIcenter.</span>
<td valign=top><table cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0>
<tr><td class=legend id=g50>- top/bottom</td></tr>
<tr><td class=legend id=w50>- text-top/bottom</td></tr>
<tr><td class=legend id=g50>- supper/sub</td></tr>
<p align="right">By FYIcenter.com</p>

Save this document as verticalAlign.html, and view it with a browser, you will see how different vertical-align values behave as shown below:
            Vertical Alignment

(Continued on next topic...)

  1. How Many Ways Can Elements Relate to Each Other?
  2. How In-line Elements Are Formatted Side by Side?
  3. How Nested Block Elements Are Formatted?
  4. How Two Block Elements Are Formatted as a Stack?
  5. How Floating Elements Are Formatted?
  6. Why Is the Top Margin Not Showing?
  7. How Are Vertical Margins between Two Block Elements Collapsed?
  8. How Are Parent Padding Spaces Collapsed with the Child Margins?
  9. How Is the Width of a Parent Element Related to Child Elements?
  10. How Is the Full Width of a Block Element Extended?
  11. How To Test Child Full Width Extension?
  12. How To Test Parent Content Width Extension?
  13. What Are White Spaces in HTML Documents?
  14. How White Spaces Are Formatted?
  15. What Happens to Multiple White Spaces in In-line Elements?

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