Interview Questions

What is the difference between char a[] = “string”; and char *p = “string”; ?

C++ Interview Questions and Answers

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What is the difference between char a[] = “string”; and char *p = “string”; ?

a[] = “string”;
char *p = “string”;

The difference is this:
p is pointing to a constant string, you can never safely say
however you can always say a[3]=’x';

char a[]=”string”; - character array initialization.
char *p=”string” ; - non-const pointer to a const-string.( this is permitted only in the case of char pointer in C++ to preserve backward compatibility with C.)

a[] = “string”;
char *p = “string”;

a[] will have 7 bytes. However, p is only 4 bytes. P is pointing to an adress is either BSS or the data section (depending on which compiler — GNU for the former and CC for the latter).

char a[] = “string”;
char *p = “string”;

for char a[]…….using the array notation 7 bytes of storage in the static memory block are taken up, one for each character and one for the terminating nul character.

But, in the pointer notation char *p………….the same 7 bytes required, plus N bytes to store the pointer variable “p” (where N depends on the system but is usually a minimum of 2 bytes and can be 4 or more)……

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