'@...' Function Decorators

Q

What are function decorators in Python?

✍: FYIcenter.com

A

A function decorator is shorthand notation to replace a function with a new version transformed by a wrapper function.

A function decorator can be specified using the following syntax:

@decorator_wrapper_function
def func(): 
   ...

Above Python code is actually equivalent to:

def old_func(): 
   ...
func = decorator_wrapper_function(func)

In other words, if a function is decorated, the call expression will call the decorated version of the function.

If multiple decorators are specified, the call expression will call the decorated of the decorated version of the function. So the following Python code:

@a
@b
@c
def f:
    ...

is the same as:

def f:
    ...
f = a(b(c(f)))

Here is the same example as the previous tutorial in the "@..." decorator format:

>>> def wrapper(dump):
...     def newDump(user):
...        x = dump(user)
...        print("<root>")
...        for item in user:
...            print("<"+item+">"+str(user[item])+"</"+item+">")
...        print("</root>")
...        return x
...     return newDump
...
>>> @wrapper
... def dump(user):
...     print(user)
...
>>> guest = {"name": "Joe", "age": 25}
>>> dump(guest)
{'name': 'Joe', 'age': 25}
<root>
<name>Joe</name>
<age>25</age>
</root>

 

Defining Functions in Python

⇒⇒Python Tutorials

2017-09-09, 116👍, 0💬